seed varieties

 

Lucky Cross tomato

latin name: lycopersicon esculentum

Another great variety from heirloom tomato collector Craig LeHoullier.  Beautiful bi-colored, large (sixteen to twenty ounces) fruits with some ribbing at the shoulders. The plant breeds abundant 8 to 16 ounce red and yellow tomatoes with disease resistance and excellent taste. They are ideal for salads and sandwiches. Indeterminate. Lucky cross has brandywine in its heritage and gets both that outstanding flavour and some what stingy production.

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History

In growing out Brandywine in 1997 (from seed saved in 1993), Craig LeHoulliera very unusual result.  Assuming therefore he was looking at an F1 hybrid, he undertook growouts of saved seed over the next few years.  The most promising produced large, smooth oblate bicolored fruit on a potato leaf plant with superb flavor.  With a working name of Rainbow Brandywine, Craig was joined in stabilization efforts by a nearby North Carolina seed saver, Larry Bohs.  Eventually the selection neared stabilization and Craig named it Lucky Cross.  A second selection, essentially a smaller, rounder version with similarly excellent flavor, was also stabilized and named Little Lucky.  In looking over his garden map of 1993, the experimental variety Tad grew nearby.  (Tad was a variety named by Carolyn Male for seed saver and amateur breeder Tad Smith – it is the result of an effort to get a Tigerella type striping on large fruit with a bicolor interior.  He started with a cross that included Old German with Tigerella.  Tad ended up being a medium sized, nearly round yellow fruit with distinct gold stripes.  It is nearly certain that Tad is indeed the source of the striped characteristic of the crossed Brandywine seed.

 

Burpee’s Golden Beetroot

latin:  Beta vulgaris va.conditiva

A Victorian variety of beetroot bred by the old American seedhouse Burpee. As its name suggests, the roots are orange -yellow in colour and turn to a deep golden when cooked .This beetroot has a mild sweet flavour. introduced in the 1940′s this  yellow-fleshed beetroot, provides great colour in salads or pickles. Leaves can be cooked like spinach. Row 4.5m (15′). Globe variety. Maturing 12-16 weeks from sowing.

Choose a sunny spot and sow seed thinly outdoors in drills (straight shallow grooves) made 30cm (12″) apart and then covered with about 1.25cm (½”) of soil. For general use, sow at regular intervals late April-early June. Thin out seedlings to 5-7.5cm (2-3″) apart. Harvest June-December.

This variety is  an Vegetable that typically grows as an Annual, which is defined as a plant that matures and completes its lifecycle over the course of a single year. Burpee’s Golden is known for growing to a height of approximately 0.9 cm.

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Beta vulgaris va.conditiva. burpees golden beet

 

Rubine Red Brussel sprouts 

latin name: Brassica Oleracea Gennifera Rode

“First recorded in Belgium in 1752, Brussels sprouts rapidly spread to England and France. We look for good ”sprout” production, early maturity, and a nice
mild, sweet flavour. Early planting and faithful aphid control are important to achieve a good yield.”

High quality sprouts should be bright green (except for Rubine), firm, and well formed. Begin picking at the bottom, breaking off a leaf below the sprout and then removing the sprout. The upper sprouts will continue to mature as the lower ones are harvested. On later maturing varieties, it’s important not to take off the leaves, as they protect the plant from inclement winter weather. For a once-over harvest, pinch out the growing point at the top of the stem when the lower sprouts are 2-3 cm in diameter. A stem loaded with full-sized sprouts will develop in about 2 weeks. As with many Brassicas, sharp frosts enhance sugar content and increase tenderness. High quality fresh sprouts will keep approximately 3-4 weeks at 0 degrees Celsius.

 

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TO DIRECT SOW: Plant both early and late maturing varieties directly in the garden between mid-May and mid-June. Plant the seed 1 cm deep,20-30 cms apart, in rows 18-36 inches apart. Regardless if direct seeding or started in pots indoors, you can expect the seed to emerge in 5-17 days when the soil temperature is between 12-23 C. When the seedlings are about 3 inches tall, thin to 24 inches in the row.

TO DIRECT SOW: Plant both early and late maturing varieties directly in the garden between mid-May and mid-June. Plant the seed 1 cm deep,20-30 cms apart, in rows 18-36 inches apart. Regardless if direct seeding or started in pots indoors, you can expect the seed to emerge in 5-17 days when the soil temperature is between 12-23 C. When the seedlings are about 3 inches tall, thin to 24 inches in the row.

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Little Indian corn (Popcorn)

Latin : Zea Mays

A smaller corn variety that is open pollinated with multi-coloured seeds from yellow to deep reds. They get their heritage from the Native Indian Americas. The term “Indian corn” can refer either to original heirloom varieties of corn developed by Native Americans or to a common kind of ornamental variegated corn.
These types of corn tend to be harder and more difficult to eat than modern sweet varieties, but are edible and often produce brightly-colour ears that make them an attractive addition to meals.

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“Because Indian agriculture helped provision the trading posts and transport crews, the museum maintains a botanical exhibit of authentic growing Indian crops. The varieties that we zealously perpetuate for the future are the same ones grown for centuries by Indians of the Missouri Valley and now are all but extinct. Oscar H. Will, pioneer Dakota horticulturist, originally obtained most of the seeds directly from the Indians over 125 years ago. Charles Hanson then acquired the seed stock from Will’s son, George.”

 

Bobis d’Albenga

Bobis d’Albenga

latin name : Phaseolus Vulgaris

Rare Italian heirloom bean known for its variegated pods and fine taste. Productive under less favorable conditions compared to most bush types, and it seemed to hold up better to our NM heat than most we’ve tried. The oval pods will turn fully green when cooked. Although the distinctive coloring grabs your attention when they are freshly picked, the deep, earthy flavor is the show once they are cooked. A wonderful bean for market and home garden.

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Easy growing bean variety

Red Pear italian Tomato : Forma di pera   Lycopersicon lycopersicum, synoniem: L. esculentum

A very special pear-type tomato, this one is large and somewhat ribbed with thin skin and a delicious, slightly sweet flavor. It bears a large number of fruit, which are delicate and flavorful enough to eat fresh, but also perfect for cooking into a fragrant tomato sauce. Tomatoes can become about 6 ounces or more.

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Chioggia Beets : Beta vulgaris ‘Barbietola di chioggia’ 

Beets originated from the Mediterranean region about 4,000 years ago, and their wild ancestor, the sea beet, does nearly live in the ocean.  As the name of this heirloom open-pollinated variety might suggest, they hail from the region of Chioggia, a sort of mini-Venice near the bigger city.  As for how long these have been around, all I could find is that they are definitely at least as old as the 1840′s.  The Chioggia Beet is named after a coastal town in Northern Italy.  It is a fast growing variety, ready for harvest in just 55-60 days.  Its roots are marketed as mild and tender, with interior flesh of alternating rings of pink and white.  Many gardeners have remarked on its resemblance to the stripes on a candy cane, once sliced open.

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Here’s what Fearing Burr had to say about the Chioggia Beet in 1874:

Bulb flattened; six or seven inches in diameter by three or four inches in depth; not very regular or symmetrical, but often somewhat ribbed, and terminating in a small, slender tap-root.  Skin of fine texture; brown above ground; below the surface, clear rose-red.  Flesh white, circled or zoned with bright pink; not close-grained, but very sugary and well-flavored.  Leaves numerous, erect, of a lively green color, forming many separate groups or tufts, covering the entire top, or crown of the root.  Leaf-stems short, greenish-white, washed or stained with rose.

** Burr, Fearing.  The Field and Garden Vegetables of America. Boston: William F. Gill & Co. (1874): 6.

 

Rainbow inca corn: Zea mays var. saccharata

Rainbow inca sweet is part of the Zea genus and is a sweet corn variety. Its scientific name is Zea mays var. saccharata ‘Rainbow inca sweet’. Rainbow inca sweet is a heirloom variety.Heritage Selected by Alan Kapular in the mid 1970′s, this corn is a fascinating cross between a large white seeded Peruvian variety, multicolored southwest (USA) native corns and heirloom sweet corn.

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discover by Alan Kapuler:  http://www.eatabbo.org/rainbow-inca-corn.html

Alan Kapuler’s very first breeding project, which produced Rainbow Inca Corn, occurred when he was living in a commune in southern Oregon, growing vegetables. Plant breeder Carol Deppe tells the story: “Rainbow Inca didn’t start as a breeding project; it began as a spiritual act, a ceremony. Alan had grown a number of different varieties of corn the previous year, and he had chosen his twelve favorite ears of all the varieties. The ears were of all different kinds and colors – flour corns, native Indian corns, heirloom sweet corns, and other varieties. He shelled out the chosen twelve and planted the kernels in rows, sowing all the seed of one type, then starting on the next, wherever he was in the row. The corn was all in one patch, in somewhat intermingled blocks. Because of mole activity, Alan replanted randomly and at different dates, so that corn of various kinds was scattered throughout the patch. “This meant that all kinds of crosses could happen, even between very early and late types. He wasn’t thinking about this at the time; it’s just the way it happened. One of the corns Alan planted was an Incan flour corn with huge, flat white seeds and plants about twelve feet high. When Alan harvested his corn, the ears on his Incan corn were especially beautiful, and there were one or two colored seeds on each ear that represented pollination by a colored variety. There were yellows, reds, purples, and blues; solid colors, stripes, blazes, and spots; clear colors and iridescent ones. There were a hundred to a hundred and fifty colored kernels altogether. Alan picked the colored kernels off the ears and saved them.

He planted about a hundred of the colored kernels the next year. When he harvested the patch, the ears showed an occasional crinkled seed, representing sweet types. The genes associated with sweet corn are recessive, so no crinkled kernels appeared in the original crosses involving the flour-type Incan mother plants. There were about forty crinkled kernels the following year. His harvest was about five  pounds of kernels, all sweet and of all colors.

He selected for large, crinkled, flat kernels and planted a couple of ounces of seed. In subsequent years he continued selecting for large, fat kernels of all colors. He also selected for plant height of about eight feet instead of the ten to twelve feet typical of the original Incan corn (eight-foot plants were enough earlier in the season to be dependable). And he selected for ears that were lower on the plant – ‘so I could reach them,’ he says. Lower ears are also larger, so selection for lower ears automatically selects for bigger ears and higher yield.

Rainbow Inca sweet corn preserves the cytoplasm of the original Incan flour corn and a large amount of genetic variability derived from many sources. The kernels are of all colors and patterns, huge compared to any other sweet corn, and broad and flat. The plants are about eight feet tall. It’s of late and reliable maturity here in Oregon (meaning that it would probably be considered midseason in most areas). It’s undoubtedly been automatically selected for productivity in cool weather because of where it was bred; the flavor is excellent.

 

Indigo Rose Tomato (not a heirloom) Lycopersicon lycopersium

These black tomatoes have the green flesh gene which prevents normal chlorophyll breakdown. A brown pigment called pheophytin accumulates & has a brownish color that makes a muddy purple when combined with carotenoids. “Indigo’s” gensis began in the 1960′s… Breeding for the antioxidant potential of the purple anthocyanins in fruit is the most important goal of the OSU breeders. This new variety is intended for home gardens and market gardens.” An open pollinated variety! Large cherry type hanging in long truss formations. Gorgeous eye candy and the rage of gardeners today.

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Cherokee Purple Cherokee Purple : Latin name : Lycopersicon lycopersicum

Cherokee Purple seeds, originating from Tennessee, are thought to have been passed down from Native Americans of the Cherokee tribe.  The Cherokee Purple was rediscovered by tomato grower Craig LeHoullier.  LeHoullier claimed that it was more than 100 years old, originated with the Cherokee people. The Cherokee Purple tomato has a unique dusty rose color.  The flavor of the tomato is extremely sweet with a rich smoky taste. The Cherokee Purple has a refreshing acid, is watery, thick-skinned and earthy with a lingering flavor.  The Cherokee Purple plants are very prolific making this plant a good heirloom for gardeners and farmers.

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 Purple Queen Bean

French beans were introduced to Europe in the sixteenth century by Spanish and Portuguese explorers. They also introduced these beans to Africa. There are two types of French beans. ‘Climbing’ (pole beans) and ‘bush’ beans. They are closely related to runner beans, which are more popular in Britain than French beans. Once planted, French beans grow just once, but runner beans can live for several years. The Latin name for French beans is Phaseolus vulgaris phaseolus = comes from the Greek name for a kind of bean, vulgaris = common. They are in the legume (pea and bean) family

Beans prefer to grow in moist, fertile soil in a sunny, sheltered spot away from strong winds. Prepare the soil for planting by digging over and adding plenty of organic material, this will help to improve the soil’s moisture-retaining ability and fertility.
Beans can also be grown in pots. Choose pots at least 45cm (18in) in diameter and make sure there are plenty of drainage holes. Fill with a mixture of equal parts loam-based compost and loam-free compost.

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Sowing: 
Late April to June
Even when temperatures are not below freezing, cold air can damage bean plants, so don’t plant too early. Plant outdoors only after the last frosts, May onwards
Sowing seeds early indoors gives a faster and more reliable germination rate.
Beans sown directly outside often germinate poorly or get attacked by slugs.
Avoid problems by sowing seeds in late April and May in pots or root trainers in the greenhouse. Robust young plants will be ready to plant outside within about 5 weeks, growing away far quicker than outdoor sowings.
Sow a single bean seed, 4cm (1.5in) deep, in root trainers or into a 7.5cm (3in) pot filled with multipurpose compost. Water well, label and place on a sunny windowsill to germinate. Seedlings will be ready to plant out after about three weeks. Before planting, put in a cold frame to acclimatise.
Alternatively, beans can be sown directly in the soil between the second half of May and the middle of June. Plant two seeds next to your support about 5cm (2in) deep. Water well. After germination remove the smaller and less robust of the two young plants. As they grow, ensure the plants continue to twine around their canes.

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Aftercare: 
Having shallow roots regular and plentiful watering is vital. Beans should be watered particularly heavily, twice a week in dry weather, both when the flower buds appear and once they’re open. Mulch when conditions are dry.
Don’t hoe around bean plants too deeply or you may damage the roots.
Beans capture nitrogen from the air, so make sure the soil contains the other essential ingredients, phosphorus and potassium. So for the fertilizer use something like 10-20-10. They leave the soil nitrogen-enriched even after harvest

Annual growth cycle for the Purple Queen Bean

Ready to pick in around 52 days. The more you pick, the more they produce. Most should bear pods from late July and cropping of all types can continue until the first frosts, or longer if plants are protected. When boiled, don’t be too disappointed if the pods lose some of that beautiful purple colour, as they tend to turn to a deep green.
The French bean is a must for anyone growing their own vegetables. For a start it’s very easy to grow, and secondly its packed with goodness, particularly protein and vitamins A and C.

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Yellow Pear tomato

Yellow Pear Tomato : Latin name : ‘Lycopersion Lycopersicum’

Yellow Pear Tomato is a very old heirloom tomato variety that’s been documented for more than 200 years.Plants produce bright yellow, pear-shaped cherry tomatoes with a sweet, mild flavor. Gardeners like this variety because it’s unusual and even cute.Traditionally, it was eaten fresh and to make fresh tomato preserves until recently, when chefs and restaurateurs have made it a favourite in salads, pasta, and salsa. Yellow Pear Tomatoes have become increasingly popular at farmers’ markets.Yellows produce prolific amounts of fruit until frost, even in cooler zones. As with most cherry varieties, blossom end rot is not a problem. But plants tend to be particularly susceptible to early blight.

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History of the Yellow Pear Tomato

The Yellow Pear is known to have been cultivated in Europe as far back as the 17th century. Renowned biologist and taxonomist Christiaan Hendrik Persoon first recorded it in his Synopsis plantarum in 1805.

The variety spread to North American fairly quickly.
1825: The Hudson Bay Company at Fort Vancouver, though the headquarters of the Northwest fur trade, also operated a farm with vegetables, fruits, herbs, and flowers and sold Yellow Pear Tomatoes.
1847: Yellow Pear was one of three tomato varieties recorded to be grown in the U.S.
1863: 100 varieties of tomato seeds were sold in the western territories (Utah and Colorado) by seedsman Joseph Ellis, including the Yellow Pear.
1934: Oscar Will & Co. (Bismarck, ND) introduced the Fargo Yellow Pear.
1983: Beam’s Yellow Pear introduced to the Seed Savers Exchange (SSE), a leader in heirloom seed preservation.
1998: 25 Yellow Pear varieties offered by SSE.

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Yellow Pear Tomato Varieties

Yellow Pear Tomato: the traditional variety that dates back two centuries

Beam’s Yellow Pear: a bushy variety that’s commonly cultivated today; works well in containers

Fargo Yellow Pear: developed by breeder Dr. A. F. Yaeger by crossing Bison Tomato with the traditional Yellow Pear. Fruit is larger and also crack resistant. Fargo Yellow Pear plants are determinate.

Red Pear Tomato: one of the oldest American heirlooms, dating back to the 1700s.

Austin’s Red Pear Tomato: a newer, bushier red pear open-pollinated type of tomato.

 

Coming soon

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Inca corn

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Golden cape goose berry

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